Dental Impants

Dental Implants in Markham, Ontario

Placement of dental implants to replace missing teeth is one of the fastest growing cosmetic dentistry treatments and widely acknowledged as a modern alternative to traditional dentures. With a success rate in excess of 97%, dental implantology is now well proven and can provide life altering improvements for those who have lost teeth. Implants can be placed singly or in multiples as part of larger “smile make overs” or full mouth rehabilitation procedures.

A dental implant is a short titanium rod that is placed into the jaw bone to act as a firm foundation for fixing a crown or in some cases to retain or stabilise a denture. The titanium implant effectively replaces the missing root of the natural tooth. Titanium is used as it naturally bonds with the jaw bone, a process known as ‘osseointegration’.

How does the dental implant process work?

The implant process begins with a small surgical procedure carried out under local anaesthetic. Next, a small hole is drilled into the jaw-bone in the area where the tooth replacement is required and the titanium implant placed. The implant is then allowed to fuse with the surrounding bone to ensure a good foundation for the abutment (support collar) and crown.

The integration phase can take up to 6 months and during this time you may be fitted with a temporary crown. On the follow-up visit, the crown is fitted and you are equipped with a new tooth that not only functions like a healthy natural tooth but is also extremely pleasing to the eye.

A laser gum lift can be done quickly and easily at our Calgary clinic, and has a fast recovery period.

Bone grafting:

In some cases, a patient may have insufficient jaw bone for the placement of an implant. This can occur when a tooth has been missing for some time and the bone in the area of the loss gradually deteriorates. This can be rectified by bone grafting or in some cases a sinus lift. We will advise if this is necessary during our detailed consultation process.

Modern implant techniques:

Traditional implant procedures are typically two-stage i.e. the placement of the titanium rod and integration followed by placement of the crown. However, in some cases it may be possible to place implants on the first visit, a technique known as ‘immediate loading’. Another technique called ‘all on 4’ uses four implants per arch to support a fixed bridge and can provide a full set of new teeth in a single day.

It should be remembered that these relatively new techniques are only suitable in some cases – our experienced dentist at Sierra Springs Dental in Airdrie, Alberta will advise you about all of your treatment options.

Dental veneers are very thin porcelain covers that fit over the forward facing part of the tooth to mask severe staining, cracking or misalignment. Veneers are often used where braces cannot be used to correct misalignment or tooth whitening is insufficient to correct very deep staining.

Dental veneers are similar in principle to false finger nails but the placement procedure is somewhat more detailed and does involve removal of a small layer of tooth to accommodate the veneer. If cared for correctly, veneers can last up to ten years.

Dental crowns

A dental crown (or cap) can be fitted over a tooth that is significantly damaged in order to protect it and prolong its useful life. It is commonly used where a tooth is otherwise unrecoverable using techniques such as dental bonding.

Traditionally porcelain was used to make dental crowns but these had to be supported on metal bases leading to unsightly margin lines between the gum and base of the crown. More recently, cosmetically superior and stronger ceramic materials have taken the place of porcelain.

Dental bonding

For teeth that are less severely damaged, dental bonding can be used.

Here a special dental composite is bonded to the surface of the tooth to mask the defect, shaped and then polished.

Gum contouring

Some people are unfortunate in that their gum-line extends further down the teeth than normal.

This can be rectified using a gum contouring procedure whereby the gum tissue is reshaped and/or underlying bone to give the appearance of longer and symmetrical teeth.

Periodontal Disease

The term "periodontal"means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease, which is also known as periodontitis and gum disease, is a common inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth; also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages.

Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.

There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.

Teeth whitening

Whitening or bleaching as it was traditionally called is one of the simplest, quickest and most affordable cosmetic dental procedures.

The teeth can be whitened by several shades by the application of a special bleaching gel used in combination with a special dental light that accelerates the process. The treatment is painless and can be supplemented with the use of home whitening kits.

Full 'Smilemakeover'

You may be familiar with the terms 'smilemakeover' or 'Hollywood' smile which refer to the use of several cosmetic dentistry techniques used in conjunction to fully rehabilitate a patient's mouth.

The results can be profound and we often hear our patients comment that they have found a new lease of life and greatly increased confidence after treatment.

The team at Upper Markham Dental Clinic have undertaken extensive ongoing training in all of the key aspects of cosmetic dentistry so if you would like to improve your smile, please contact us for a personalised consultation to discuss the available options.

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